Classical dance forms in India

May 13, 2023 - 22:23
May 15, 2023 - 09:08
 0  2130
Classical dance forms in India
Classical dance forms in India

 Classical dance forms in India: 

India has different forms of dancel including Classical dances and Folk dances. It has a rich and diverse culture, and classical dance forms are an integral part of it. There are nine classical dance forms in India recognized by The Sangeet Natak Akademi and the Ministry of Culture.

  1. Bharatanatyam: This is one of the oldest and most popular dance forms of India. It originated in the state of Tamil Nadu and is known for its graceful movements, intricate footwork, and expressive gestures.

  2. Kathakali: This dance form originated in the southern state of Kerala and is known for its vibrant costumes and elaborate makeup. It tells stories through a combination of dance, music, and acting.

  3. Kuchipudi: This is a classical dance form that originated in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is known for its fast footwork, fluid movements, and use of facial expressions to convey emotions.

  4. Manipuri: This dance form originated in the northeastern state of Manipur and is known for its gentle, fluid movements and intricate hand gestures. It is often accompanied by live music and is known for its spiritual and devotional themes.

  5. Kathak: This dance form originated in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh and is known for its intricate footwork, spins, and jumps. It often incorporates elements of storytelling and is characterized by its graceful movements and fluidity.

  6. Odissi: This dance form originated in the eastern state of Odisha and is known for its graceful movements, fluid footwork, and expressive facial gestures. It often tells stories from Hindu mythology and is known for its elaborate costumes and jewelry.

  7. Mohiniyattam: Mohiniyattam is a classical dance form that originated in the southwestern state of Kerala in India. It is a traditional dance form that is usually performed by women and is known for its graceful movements, intricate hand gestures, and expressive facial expressions.

  8. Sattriya: Sattriya is a classical dance form that originated in the northeastern state of Assam in India. It is one of the eight classical dance forms recognized by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, the national academy for music, dance and drama in India.
  9. Chhau dance: Chhau dance is a traditional folk dance form that originated in the eastern states of India, namely Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal. It is a martial dance form that is performed by both men and women and is characterized by its energetic movements and vibrant costumes.

These are just a few examples of the many classical dance forms in India. Each dance form has its unique style, music, and history, and is a beautiful representation of the rich cultural heritage of India.

1. Bharatanatyam: Bharatanatyam is a classical dance form that originated in the southern state of Tamil Nadu in India. It is one of the oldest and most widely practiced classical dance forms in India and is known for its grace, beauty, and expressive storytelling.

Bharatanatyam is a combination of three elements: Nritta (pure dance), Nritya (expression), and Natya (dramatic storytelling). It is performed primarily by women and is characterized by its intricate footwork, hand gestures, and facial expressions.

The dance form typically tells stories from Hindu mythology and often includes elements of devotion and spirituality. It is accompanied by classical Carnatic music and singing in the Tamil language, and is often performed in temples and other religious settings.

Bharatanatyam is known for its elaborate costumes and jewelry. The costume typically consists of a colorful silk sari with a matching blouse and a long braid adorned with flowers. The jewelry worn during the dance includes anklets, bracelets, earrings, and necklaces, which are meant to enhance the beauty of the dance.

 It was originally performed by temple dancers, but was later revived and popularized by a group of prominent dancers in the early 20th century. Today, it is recognized as an important part of the cultural heritage of Tamil Nadu and India, and is taught and performed all over the world.

2. Kathakali: Kathakali is a classical dance-drama form that originated in the southern state of Kerala in India. It is a highly stylized and dramatic art form that combines dance, music, and theater.

Kathakali is known for its elaborate makeup, costumes, and facial expressions. The performers wear colorful costumes and makeup, which can take several hours to apply. The makeup is used to depict different characters, with green makeup representing virtuous characters, red representing evil characters, and black representing demons and monsters.

The dance form is characterized by its vigorous and athletic movements, which are meant to convey emotions and tell stories. The dance movements are accompanied by music and singing in the Malayalam language, and are often based on stories from Hindu mythology.

Kathakali performances are typically long, and can last several hours. They are performed in a specially designed theater called a koothambalam, which has a sloping roof and open walls. The audience sits on three sides of the stage, with the fourth side reserved for musicians and drummers.

Kathakali is known for its emphasis on facial expressions, which are used to convey emotions and tell stories. The performers use a variety of facial expressions, eye movements, and hand gestures to communicate with the audience.

Kathakali is recognized as an important part of the cultural heritage of Kerala and India, and is taught and performed all over the world. It is known for its unique blend of dance, music, and theater, and continues to captivate audiences with its vivid storytelling and dramatic performances.

3. Kuchipudi: Kuchipudi is a classical dance form that originated in the state of Andhra Pradesh in southern India. It is one of the eight major classical dance forms of India and is known for its grace, fluidity, and intricate footwork.

Kuchipudi is primarily performed by women, although men also perform some of the pieces. It is characterized by its storytelling and devotional themes, often based on the stories of Lord Krishna and other deities from Hindu mythology.

Kuchipudi dance is accompanied by Carnatic music, which is a classical form of music from South India. The dance movements are often synchronized with the music and lyrics, and the performers use their facial expressions, hand gestures, and body movements to convey emotions and tell stories.

The costume worn during Kuchipudi dance is typically a brightly colored sari with a matching blouse, adorned with traditional jewelry such as anklets, bracelets, and necklaces. The hair is usually tied up in a bun and decorated with flowers.

 It was originally performed by traveling dance troupes, but was later institutionalized and became an important part of the cultural heritage of Andhra Pradesh and India. Today, it is taught and performed all over the world, and continues to captivate audiences with its beauty, grace, and storytelling.

4. Manipuri: Manipuri is a classical dance form that originated in the northeastern state of Manipur in India. It is one of the eight major classical dance forms of India and is known for its graceful movements, delicate footwork, and devotional themes.

Manipuri dance is traditionally performed in temples and other religious settings, and is often used to tell stories from Hindu mythology. The dance movements are inspired by the natural movements of animals and birds, and the performers use their bodies and facial expressions to convey emotions and tell stories.

Manipuri dance is accompanied by classical music, which is known for its gentle melodies and lilting rhythms. The music is often played on traditional instruments such as the pung, a barrel-shaped drum, and the pena, a stringed instrument.

The costume worn during Manipuri dance is typically a brightly colored skirt and blouse, decorated with intricate embroidery and sequins. The hair is usually tied up in a bun and decorated with flowers and jewelry.

 It was originally performed by temple dancers, but was later institutionalized and became an important part of the cultural heritage of Manipur and India. Today, it is taught and performed all over the world, and continues to captivate audiences with its beauty, grace, and devotion.

5. Kathak: Kathak is a classical dance form that originated in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is one of the eight major classical dance forms of India and is known for its intricate footwork, complex rhythms, and graceful movements.

Kathak dance is characterized by its emphasis on storytelling and poetry, and is often used to convey tales of love and devotion. The dance movements are based on both Hindu and Islamic traditions, and the performers use their bodies and facial expressions to convey emotions and tell stories.

Kathak dance is accompanied by classical music, which is known for its intricate rhythms and improvisation. The music is often played on traditional instruments such as the tabla, a pair of hand drums, and the sarangi, a stringed instrument.

The costume worn during Kathak dance is typically a long flowing skirt, a fitted blouse, and a dupatta, or scarf. The costume is often brightly colored and decorated with sequins and other embellishments. The hair is usually tied up in a bun and decorated with flowers.

It was originally performed by traveling dance troupes, but was later institutionalized and became an important part of the cultural heritage of Uttar Pradesh and India. Today, it is taught and performed all over the world, and continues to captivate audiences with its beauty, grace, and storytelling.

6. Odissi: Odissi is a classical dance form that originated in the eastern state of Odisha in India. It is one of the eight major classical dance forms of India and is known for its fluid movements, sensuous poses, and intricate footwork.

Odissi dance is characterized by its emphasis on expressions and abhinaya, or storytelling. The dance movements are inspired by the sculptures and carvings of the ancient temples of Odisha, and the performers use their bodies and facial expressions to convey emotions and tell stories.

Odissi dance is accompanied by classical music, which is known for its soulful melodies and intricate rhythms. The music is often played on traditional instruments such as the mardala, a barrel-shaped drum, and the bansuri, a bamboo flute.

The costume worn during Odissi dance is typically a brightly colored sari with a matching blouse, adorned with traditional jewelry such as anklets, bracelets, and necklaces. The hair is usually tied up in a bun and decorated with flowers.

 It was originally performed in the temples of Odisha by devadasis, or temple dancers, but was later institutionalized and became an important part of the cultural heritage of Odisha and India. Today, it is taught and performed all over the world, and continues to captivate audiences with its beauty, grace, and storytelling.

7. Mohiniyattam: Mohiniyattam is a classical dance form that originated in the southwestern state of Kerala in India. It is a traditional dance form that is usually performed by women and is known for its graceful movements, intricate hand gestures, and expressive facial expressions.

The word "Mohiniyattam" is derived from the Sanskrit words "Mohini" meaning "enchantress" and "attam" meaning "dance." As the name suggests, the dance form is characterized by its graceful and fluid movements that are meant to mesmerize and enchant the audience.

The dance form has its roots in the devotional dances that were performed in temples and shrines in Kerala. Over time, it evolved into a more refined form of dance that is now performed on stage. Mohiniyattam typically tells stories from Hindu mythology and is often accompanied by music and singing.

The dance form is known for its unique costume, which consists of a white and gold sari with a matching blouse, and a long braid adorned with flowers. The jewelry worn during the dance is also an important part of the costume and includes anklets, bracelets, earrings, and necklaces.

Overall, Mohiniyattam is a beautiful and graceful dance form that is an important part of the cultural heritage of Kerala and India.

8. Sattriya: Sattriya is a classical dance form that originated in the northeastern state of Assam in India. It is one of the eight classical dance forms recognized by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, the national academy for music, dance and drama in India.

Sattriya has its roots in the Vaishnavite culture of Assam and was developed by the saint and scholar Srimanta Sankardev in the 15th century. It was originally performed by male monks in the Sattras, which were monastic institutions established by Srimanta Sankardev to propagate his teachings.

Sattriya dance is characterized by its fluid and graceful movements, which are meant to express devotion and spirituality. It is known for its use of intricate footwork, graceful hand gestures, and facial expressions to convey emotions and tell stories.

The dance form typically tells stories from the life of Lord Krishna and is accompanied by music and singing in the Assamese language. The music is based on classical ragas and is performed on traditional Assamese musical instruments such as the khol, taal, and flute.

Sattriya dance was not widely known outside of Assam until the mid-20th century, when it began to gain recognition as a classical dance form in India. Today, it is performed by both male and female dancers and is recognized as an important part of the cultural heritage of Assam and India.

9. Chhau dance: Chhau dance is a traditional folk dance form that originated in the eastern states of India, namely Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal. It is a martial dance form that is performed by both men and women and is characterized by its energetic movements and vibrant costumes.

Chhau dance has its roots in the tribal culture of eastern India and was originally performed as a way of training warriors. The dance form is characterized by its use of masks, which are used to represent characters from Indian mythology and folklore. The dancers wear elaborate costumes and use a combination of dance, martial arts, and acrobatics to tell stories and entertain the audience.

There are three main styles of Chhau dance, each with its unique characteristics and regional variations. The styles are:

  1. Purulia Chhau: This style of Chhau dance originated in the Purulia district of West Bengal and is known for its use of masks and martial arts movements.

  2. Seraikella Chhau: This style of Chhau dance originated in the Seraikella district of Jharkhand and is known for its use of intricate footwork and elaborate costumes.

  3. Mayurbhanj Chhau: This style of Chhau dance originated in the Mayurbhanj district of Odisha and is known for its use of acrobatics and storytelling.

Chhau dance is an important part of the cultural heritage of eastern India and is recognized as a significant form of folk dance in India. It is performed at festivals, cultural events, and religious ceremonies, and continues to captivate audiences with its dynamic movements and colorful costumes.

What's Your Reaction?

like

dislike

love

funny

angry

sad

wow

Madhuri Mahto I am self dependent and hard working. Knowledge sharing helps to connect with others , It is a way you can give knowledge without any deprivation.